noir Build muscle Gym: What Is Your Body Type ? Take A Look ! Build muscle Gym Build muscle Gym: What Is Your Body Type ? Take A Look !

What Is Your Body Type ? Take A Look !

What Is Your Body Type ? Take A Look !


Ultimate Guide to Body Types | Endomorph, Mesomorph, Ectomorph Calculator

Next time you step in to the gym, stop, look around, and examine the body types utilizing each area of the gym. You’ll notice most gym-goers are busting their asses to improve their bodies and quality of life.

I also want you to take some time and look at their bone structure as well as their fat and muscle distribution.

One scientist in the 1940s, William Sheldon, PhD, MD, attempted to group individuals based on bone structure and weight distribution. His studies yielded three primary body types called somatotypes – ectomorph, mesomorph, and endomorph. Each somatotype was said to have unique characteristics that may influence an individual’s preferred form of physical activity based on their strengths and weaknesses.

The 3 Primary Body Types

Now that we’ve discussed the history of somatotypes, let’s examine the three pure somatotypes – the ectomorph, the mesomorph, and the endomorph.

The ectomorph

EctomorphThe ectomorph body type is your stereotypical self-proclaimed hardgainer. An ectomorph has a hard time adding mass to its long and lean build, but naturally carries less fat than other somatotypes.

In general, ectomorphs have a high forehead, receding chin, narrow shoulders, hips, chest, and abdomen, as well as thin arms and legs. From the personality standpoint Dr. Sheldon describes ectomorphs as intellectual, introverted, emotionally restrained individuals who crave isolation and solitude due to their tense, anxious, and secretive nature.

Ectomorph body types typically don’t excel at power and strength sports since they have a hard time gaining muscle mass, but they do excel in endurance sports and gymnastics. Being able to naturally maintain very low levels of body fat allows ectomorphs to keep a high strength to bodyweight ratio as well as undergo less physical stress during repetitive movement long-duration activities such as running and cycling compared to mesomorphs or endomorphs.

One study of 63 men ages 18-40 years found that ectomorphs had the greatest ratio of carbon dioxide produced to oxygen consumed in one breath as well as the lowest peak oxygen uptake during peak exercise. Because of their smaller surface area, ectomorphs can regulate their body temperature and breathing more efficiently than mesomorphs and endomorphs; a trait that is particularly important in aerobic endurance activities.

Famous athletes with an ectomorph somatotype include Frank Zane, Ulisses William Jr. Michael Phelps, Lance Armstrong, Kevin Garnett, Manny Pacquiao, Usain Bolt, and Bruce Lee.

The mesomorph

MesomorphThe mesomorph body type is your stereotypical ideal bodybuilding physique. Mesomorphs are athletic, strong, not underweight or overweight, and can increase and decrease their bodyweight weight with minimal effort.

In general, mesomorph body types have a wedge-shaped body, cubical head, broad shoulders, muscular arms and legs, narrow hips, minimal fat, and are narrow when viewing their side profile. From the personality standpoint Dr. Sheldon describes mesomorphs as rugged and thick-skin individuals who are extroverted, aggressive, direct, dominant, courageous, and prone towards physical activity and taking risks.

Mesomorphs have the ideal physique for physical activities requiring strength, agility and speed such as football, wrestling, and Olympic lifting. They are the genetically gifted individuals that can easily maintain low body fat, increase or decrease weight based on the requirement of their preferred physical activity, and develop all muscle groups evenly.These individuals are the ideal athlete because they not only have a have a medium bone structure and height but they typically excel at both cardiovascular and resistance training activities.

Famous athletes with a mesomorph somatotype include Arnold Schwarzenegger, Jay Cutler Anna Kournikova, Terrell Owens, Bo Jackson, and Jackie Chan.

The endomorph

EndomorphThe stereotypical endomorph body type gains weight easily so they naturally carry significant amounts of both mass muscle and fat mass, but they’re not necessarily always overweight. In general, endomorphs have a pear-shaped body, short arms and legs, a round head, wide hips and shoulders, significant amounts of fat on the body (especially upper arms and thighs), and are wide when viewing their side profile.

From the personality standpoint Dr. Sheldon describes endomorphs as sociable, easy-going, slow-to-react, easily complacent, comfort-seeking individuals that enjoy food, people, and affection. Endomorphs do not excel in activities requiring high levels of agility, speed, or weight-bearing aerobic activity like running but do excel at pure strength activities like powerlifting, rugby, and playing the lineman position in football.

Endomorph body types can quickly gain fat and lose conditioning if they decrease or discontinue physical activity. However, they typically have a large lung capacity which is beneficial in non-weight-bearing aerobic activities like rowing and they can increase their muscle mass much quicker than ectomorphs.

Famous athletes with an endomorph somatotype include Benedikt Magnusson, Konstantin Konstantinovs, Lee Priest, Vince Wilfork, and Ndamukong Suh.

Ectomorph body typetendencies:

Lean and thin
Narrow hips, chest and shoulders
Do not have much muscle OR fat
Long legs and arms
Higher forehead and thinner face

Mesomorph body type tendencies:

Naturally muscular
Narrow hips and wide shoulders
Strong legs and arms
Modest amount of body fat

Endomorph body type tendencies:

Larger frame
More body fat than most
Narrow shoulders and wider hips
Slim ankles and wrists


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